Estudio sobre las secuelas del aborto, que muestra cómo la mortalidad en las mujeres que abortan es más elevado que en las que no abortan.
Six Problems with “Women Deliver:”
Why the UN Should Not Change MDG 5
Susan Yoshihara, Ph.D
UN agencies and members of the UN Secretariat partnered in a conference promoting, among
other things, abortion rights as the only way to achieve Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5, improving
maternal health. The conference, called “Women Deliver,” was held in London from 18 – 20
October 2007. The radically new approach is gravely flawed for many reasons. This paper addresses the
six primary problems with the controversial approach promoted at the conference, herein termed the
“abortion first” approach.
Problem #1: The “abortion first” approach to maternal mortality contradicts the consensus of
the medical community.
The medical community has long known the two most important ways to reduce maternal
mortality are access to skilled birth attendants and emergency obstetric care. Even among health professionals
who put family planning in the top three needs, abortion is not included.1 Yet a joint World
Health Organization (WHO)-Guttmacher study published in the British medical journal The Lancet on
October 13, 2007 was used at the conference to support the “abortion first” approach, contradicting
health experts, and the WHO’s own reports that conclude that postpartum hemorrhage (25%), sepsis
(15%), and indirect causes such as malaria and anemia (19%) are the leading causes of maternal death.2
According to the WHO, maternal mortality in the developed world decreased dramatically and simultaneously
with improvements in basic health care, basic needs such as clean water and penicillin that
women in the developing world still lack.
Not only does the “abortion first” agenda threaten to divert attention from these urgent
health care needs, abortion exposes women to the possibility of more pregnancies in the same time
period than she would be exposed to by childbirth and breastfeeding. Thus abortion exposes her to
more separations from the fetus, and hence increases the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity.
What is more, elective abortions have been firmly established as a known risk factor for premature
delivery in a subsequent pregnancy.3 The greater the number of abortions, the greater the risk of
severely premature fetuses, with all the increased costs associated with caring for premature infants.4
In addition to the physical risks to women’s health, there are grave psychological risks, including
increased risk of death from suicide in women who have undergone elective abortion.5 Finally,
legalizing abortion has resulted in increased numbers of abortions, thus maternal risk, in countries
where it has been legalized.