Descargar Abortion Guide
DEFINITION OF ABORTION
For the purposes of this guide, abortion is defined as a deliberate act or procedure intended
to end human life in the womb.
ISTORY OF ABORTION
Throughout the centuries and around the world, abortion has been generally considered
to be a criminal or immoral act subject to legal punishment and/or social disapproval in
the vast majority of civilized cultures. In the past few decades however, restrictions on
abortion have been loosened in some countries, and in others, abortion has become legal.
Estimates are that during the 20th century more than one billion babies were aborted.
Most countries place some level of legal restrictions on abortion such as:
mandatory waiting periods
requirements to inform women about potential complications or alternatives to
parental consent in the case of pregnant minors
regulations mandating safe clinical conditions
restrictions as to which trimester of pregnancy abortion is allowed
bans on partial birth abortion
Language is important. Sometimes, where abortion is illegal, the law allows exceptions if
the life of the mother is threatened or in the case of rape or incest. More controversial is an
exception based on the “health of the mother,” a term which is ambiguous and hard to
define. Loopholes in abortion laws, resulting from overly broad language such as permitting
abortion to preserve “the health of the mother,” a much lower threshold test than preserving
the life of the mother, are often used to justify almost any reason for abortion. For
example, in the United States, “health” is defined as including “mental” or “emotional”
health, allowing a woman who is merely upset that she is pregnant to claim that she has
the right to an abortion.
When women are given full and accurate information with regard to the life in their womb,
such as the abortion procedure itself, alternatives to abortion, and the well-documented
negative consequences abortion can have for them and their families, they will then be
empowered to make lifesaving instead of life-ending decisions. It is our hope that this
guide will help empower women to make informed choice when considering an abortion.